Honey always played an essential part in the history and activity of Corsica. Since antiquity, the writings of Greek and Roman writers noted the extraordinary potential of the island for the production of honey. Later, the island will pay tributes in wax and honey to its invaders. At the time, almost all families had hives, some of which were located in the very walls of their homes.

After a gathering activity since prehistory, beekeeping started growing considerably. Later, beekeepers would start using traditional “arnaghji” apiaries, consisting  in dozens of thousands of trunk lying hives (cork or chestnut), some of which can still be found today.

Many elements testify of an important economic activity around honey and wax at that time. Important remains were discovered near the village of Venaco: an apiary-wall that existed in 1840. There are also closet- hives built into the walls of many Corsican houses. Many names of locations refer to bees.

Beekeeping is a constant in the history of Corsica. Times of strong dynamism were followed by recession due to population losses during the various wars and to the remediation of the plains.

At the end of the World War II, beekeeping is almost forgotten, except in a few villages with an important beekeeping tradition and despite the creation of unions and beekeeping societies. The activity will remain stable until the 70s.

In 1976, beekeepers start meeting in order to build some real plans to develop their industry. The first research and development workshops are set up and include the characterization of livestock for its selection as well as the product to be a real repository (Computerized processing of pollen analysis data , New departmental beekeeping unions as well as groups of Sanitary Defense Beekeeping.)

Today, beekeeping is still  the main activity for most farmers.